THE MATERNITY OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY
In the year 1931, amid the applause of the whole Catholic world, solemn rites were celebrated to mark the completion of the fifteen centuries which had elapsed since the Council of Ephesus, moving against the Nestorian heresy, had acclaimed the Blessed Virgin Mary, of whom Jesus was born, as Mother of God. This acclamation had been made by the Fathers of the Church under the leadership of Pope Celestine. Pius XI, as Supreme Pontiff, wished to commemorate the notable event and to give lasting proof of his devotion to Mary. He decreed that the feast of the Divine Motherhood of the Blessed Virgin Mary be celebrated annually on the 11th day of October by the universal Church with a proper Mass and Office under the rite of a double of the second class.
Oct. 11 – The Divine Motherhood of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Double / II Class / White
Missa ‘Ecce Virgo Concipiet’
INTROIT: Isaiah 7, 14; Psalm 97:1
Ecce Virgo concipiet, et pariet Filium, et vocabitur nomen ejus Emmanuel.
Ps. 97. Cantate Domino canticum novum, quia mirabilia fecit.
V. Gloria Patri.
Behold, a Virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and His name shall be called Emmanuel.
Ps. 97. O sing ye to the Lord a new canticle, because He hath done marvelous things.
Glory be to the Father.
God, who wast pleased that, at the message of an angel, Thy Word should take flesh in the womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary; grant to us Thy suppliants that we, who believe her to be truly the Mother of God may be aided by her intercession with Thee. Through the same our Lord.
EPISTLE: Ecclus 24, 23-31
As the vine I have brought forth a pleasant odor, and my flowers are the fruit of honor and riches. I am the mother of fair love, and of fear, and of knowledge, and of holy hope. In me is all grace of the way and of the truth in me is all hope of life and of virtue. Come over to me, all ye that desire me, and be filled with my fruits; for my spirit is sweet above honey, and my inheritance above honey and the honey-comb. My memory is unto everlasting generations. They that eat me, shall yet hunger; and they that drink me, shall yet thirst. He that hearkeneth to me, shall not be confounded, and they that work by me, shall not sin. They that explain me shall have life everlasting.
GRADUAL: Isaiah 11, 1-2
There shall come forth a rod out of the root of Jesse, and a flower shall rise up out of his root. And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him.
ALLELUIA, alleluia. V. O Virgin Mother of God, He Whom the whole world cannot contain, enclosed Himself in thy womb, and became man. Allelulia.
GOSPEL: Luke 2, 43-51
At that time: When they returned the Child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and His parents knew it not. And thinking that He was in the company, they came a day’s journey, and sought Him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance. And not finding Him, they returned to Jerusalem, seeking Him. And it came to pass that after three days they found Him sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them and asking them questions. And all that heard Him were astonished at His wisdom and His answers. And seeing Him they wondered. And His Mother said to Him: Son, why hast Thou done so to us? Behold, Thy father and I have sought Thee sorrowing. And He said to them: How is it that you sought Me? Did you not know that I must be about My Father’s business? And they understood not a word that He spoke unto them. And He went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them.
OFFERTORY: Matthew 1, 18
When Mary the Mother of Jesus was espoused to Joseph, she was found to be with child, of the Holy Ghost.
Through Thy mercy, O Lord, and by the intercession of blessed Mary every Virgin, Mother of Thy only-begotten Son, may this oblation secure for us present and perpetual prosperity and peace Through the same Lord.
PREFACE OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN
It is truly meet and just, right and availing unto salvation, that we should at all times and in all places, give thanks unto Thee, O holy Lord, Father almighty and everlasting God. That on the Feast of the Divine Maternity of the Blessed Mary, ever Virgin Mary we should praise and bless, and proclaim Thee. For she conceived Thine only-begotten Son by the over-shadowing of the Holy Ghost, and the glory of her virginity still abiding, gave forth to the world the everlasting light, Jesus Christ our Lord. Through whom the angels praise Thy Majesty, the Dominations worship it, and the Powers stand in awe. The heavens and the heavenly hosts together with the blessed Seraphim in triumphant chorus unite to celebrate it. Together with them we entreat Thee, that Thou mayest bid our voices also to be admitted, while we say with lowly praise:
Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus Dominus Deus Sabaoth. Pleni sunt coeli et terra gloria Tua. Hosanna in excelsis. Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini. Hosanna in excelsis.
Blessed is the womb of the Virgin Mary, which bore the Son of the eternal Father.
May this communion, O Lord, cleanse us from guilt; and through the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God, make us partakers of the heavenly remedy. Through the same Lord.
THE LITURGICAL YEAR, Dom Gueranger
IN the sixteenth century, even amidst their many divergences, the so-called Reformers agreed in utterly rejecting all the honors paid by the Catholic Church to the Blessed Virgin Mary, on the grounds that such veneration of the Mother detracted from the supreme worship due to her Divine Son. Four centuries have more than sufficed to show the result of so doing: the Son has followed the Mother! The descendants of those who refused to Mary the title and rights of Theotokos —–Mother of God—–refuse to Jesus the title of Son of God in the traditional sense of the term. Many reject His Godhead altogether, placing Him merely at the head of the line of great moral and social world-teachers; others still retain the word “divinity” with respect to Him, but for them it is no longer synonymous with “deity.”
Holy Scripture tells us that those who first came to adore Him Who is Son of God and Son of Mary found Him “with Mary his Mother.” At the scene of the first miracle at Cana, which marked the opening of his public life, “the Mother of Jesus was there.” In the tremendous hour when all was consummated, when types and shadows gave place to the mighty reality, ” there stood by the Cross of Jesus His Mother.” And when the little flock who were to be the nucleus of the Church of God awaited in prayer the coming of the Paraclete, Who would teach them all truth, again it was in company with “Mary the Mother of Jesus.” Far from taking from the honor and love due to the Word Incarnate, devotion to Mary is a strong bulwark protecting the central doctrine. He is ever found with His Mother; where Mary is denied her rights, sooner or later Jesus is denied His; they stand or fall together.