The Liturgical Year – Dom Guéranger
In the fourth century of our era, the cessation of persecution seemed to give the world a foretaste of its future entrance into eternal peace. “Glory to the Almighty! Glory to the Redeemer of our souls!” wrote Eusebius at the opening of the tenth and last book of his History. Himself a witness of the triumph, he describes the admirable spectacle everywhere displayed by the dedication of the new sanctuaries. In city after city the bishops assembled, and crowds flocked together. From nation to nation the goodwill of mutual charity, of common faith, and of recollected joy, so harmonized all hearts that the unity of Christ’s Body was clearly manifested in these multitudes animated by the same inspiration of the Holy Ghost. It was the fulfillment of the ancient prophecies: the living city of the living God, where all, whatever their age or sex, praise together the Author of all good things. How solemn were then the rites of the Church! The complete perfection therein displayed by the pontiffs, the enthusiasm of the psalmody, the inspired readings, the celebration of the ineffable mysteries, formed a divine pageantry.
Constantine had placed the imperial treasure at the disposal of the bishops; and he himself stimulated their zeal for what he called in his edicts the work of the churches. Rome, the place of his victory by the cross, the capital of the now Christian world, was the first to benefit by the prince’s munificence. In a series of dedications, to the glory of the holy apostles and martyrs, Sylvester, the pontiff of peace, took possession of the eternal city in the name of the true God.
Today is the birthday of the mother and mistress of churches, called “of our Saviour, Aula Dei (God’s palace), the golden basilica”; it is a new Sinai, whence the apostolic oracles and so many Councils have made know to the world the law of salvation. No wonder this feast is celebrated by the whole world.
St. Theodore Tyro, (“the Recruit”) Martyr
THEODORE was born of a noble family in the East, and enrolled while still a youth in the imperial army. Early in 306 the emperor put forth an edict requiring all Christians to offer sacrifice, and Theodore had just joined the legion and marched with them into Pontus, when he had to choose between apostasy and death. He declared before his commander that he was ready to be cut in pieces and offer up every limb to his Creator, Who had died for him. Wishing to conquer him by gentleness, the commander left him in peace for a while, that he might think over his resolution; but Theodore used his freedom to set on fire the great temple of Isis, and made no secret of this act. Still his judge entreated him to renounce his faith and save his life; but Theodore made the sign of the cross, and answered: “As long as I have breath, I will confess the name of Christ.” After cruel torture, the judge bade him think of the shame to which Christ had brought him. “This shame,” Theodore answered, “I and all who invoke His name take with joy.” He was condemned to be burnt. As the flame rose, a Christian saw his soul rise like a flash of light to heaven.
NOVEMBER 9 – MASS PROPERS
DEDICATION OF THE ARCH BASILICA OF ST. SAVIOUR (ST. JOHN LATERAN) – TWENTY SECOND SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST/ WITH A COMMEMORATION OF ST. THEODORE, MARTYR
INTROIT Genesis 28: 17
Terribilis est locus iste: hic domus Dei est et porta cœli: et vocabitur aula Dei.
Ps: 83. 2, 3. Quam dilecta tabernacula tua, Domine, virtutum! concupiscit, et deficit anima mea in atria Domini.
Terrible is this place: it is the House of God, and the gate of Heaven; and it shall be called the Court of God.
Ps. How lovely are Thy tabernacles, O Lord of Hosts! my soul longeth and fainteth for the Courts of the Lord.
Glory be to the Father.
O God, Who year by year dost renew for us the day of consecration of this, Thy holy temple, and dost ever bring us again in safety to these holy Mysteries: hear the prayers of Thy people and grant: that whosoever enters this Temple to ask blessings of Thee, may rejoice in the obtaining of all his petitions. Through our Lord.
Second Collect of the 22nd Sunday after Pentecost
O God, our refuge and our strength, who art the author of all godliness: be ready, we beseech thee, to hear the devout prayers of thy Church; and grant that those things which we ask faithfully we may obtain effectually.
In low masses a commemoration of St. Theordore
Third Collect of St. Theodore
O God, who hast set about us the protection of the glorious confession of thy blessed Martyr Theodore: grant that we may ever profit by the following of his ensample; and be sustained by the succour of his intercession. Through Jesus Christ, thy Son our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end.
EPISTLE Apocalypse 21: 2-5
In those days I saw the holy city, the New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a great voice from the throne, saying: Behold the tabernacle of God with men, and He will dwell with them. And they shall be His people, and God Himself with them shall be their God: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes: and death shall be no more, nor mourning, nor crying, nor sorrow shall be any more, for the former things are passed away. And He that sat on the throne, said: Behold, I make all things new.
GRADUAL: Psalm 44: 17-18
This place was made by God, a priceless mystery, it is without reproof. O God, before Whom stands the choir of Angels, give ear to the prayers of Thy servants.
ALLELUIA: Matthew 16: 18
Alleluia, alleluia. I will worship towards Thy holy temple: and I will give glory to Thy Name. Alleluia.
GOSPEL Luke 19: 1-10
At that time: Jesus entering in, walked through Jericho. And behold, there was a man named Zacheus, who was the chief of the publicans, and he was rich. And he sought to see Jesus who He was: and he could not for the crowd, because he was low of stature. And running before, he climbed up into a sycamore tree, that he might see Him: for He was to pass that way. And when Jesus was come to the place, looking up, He saw him, and said to him: Zacheus, make haste and come down: for this day I must abide in thy house. And he made haste and came down, and received Him with joy. And when all saw it, they murmured, saying, that He was gone to be a guest with a man that was a sinner. But Zacheus standing, said to the Lord: Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have wronged any man of anything, I restore him fourfold. Jesus said to him: This day is salvation come to this house: because he also is a son of Abraham. For the Son of Man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.
OFFERTORY 1 Paralipomenon (1 Chron.) 29. 17-18
O Lord God, in the simplicity of my heart I have joyfully offered all these things; and I have seen with great joy Thy people which are here present: O God of Isræl, keep this will.
Give heed, we beseech Thee, O Lord, to our prayers: that while we set before Thee these present gifts, we may be found
worthy, by Thy help, to come to everlasting rewards. Through our Lord.
Second Secret Prayer of the 22nd Sunday after Pentecost
Grant, we beseech thee, O merciful Lord: that by this sacrifice ordained for our salvation, we may evermore be delivered from the bonds of our sins, and defended against all adversities.
Third Secret Prayer of St. Theodore
O God, who hast set about us the protection of the glorious confession of thy blessed Martyr Theodore: grant that we may ever profit by the following of his ensample; and be sustained by the succour of his intercession. Through Jesus Christ, thy Son our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, ever one God…
PREFACE OF THE MOST HOLY TRINITY
It is very meet, right, and our bounden duty, that we should at all times, and in all places give thanks unto thee, O Lord holy Father almighty, everlasting God. Who with thine only-begotten Son and the Holy Ghost, art one God, one Lord: not in the singularity of one Person, but in the Trinity of one substance. For that which, according to thy revelation, we believe of thy glory, O Father, the same we believe of thy Son, the same of the Holy Ghost, without difference or distinction; so that in the confession of one true and eternal Godhead we adore distinctness in persons, oneness in essence, and equality in majesty. Which the Angels do praise and the Archangels, the Cherubim also and the Seraphim, who daily with one voice, without ceasing and evermore do cry out, saying:
SANCTUS, SANCTUS, SANCTUS Dominus Deus Sabaoth. Pleni sunt coeli et terra gloria Tua. Hosanna in excelsis. Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini. Hosanna in excelsis.
COMMUNION Matthew 21: 13
My house shall be called a house of prayer, saith the Lord: in it every one that asketh, receiveth: and he that seeketh, findeth, and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.
O God, Who, out of living and chosen stones dost prepare an eternal dwelling- place for Thy Majesty: help Thy suppliant people: that as Thy Church profits by material expansion, so may it also grow by spiritual increase. Through our Lord.
Second Postcommunion of the 22nd Sunday after Pentecost
O Lord, who hast made us partakers of the gifts of these holy mysteries: we humbly beseech thee, that these things, which thou hast commanded us to do in remembrance of thee, may be profitable to the succour of all our infirmities.
Third Postcommunion of St. Theodore
Grant, we beseech thee, O Lord, through the intercession of thy blessed Martyr Theodore, that what we take with the mouth, we may receive with a clean heart. Through Jesus Christ, thy Son our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end.